(Wow it’s so strange to watch this… so long ago!)

A – Apfel, der (apple)
B – Bär, der (bear)
C – Computer, der (computer)
D – Doktor, der (doctor)
E – er (he)
F – faul (lazy)
G – gehen (to go, walk)
H – Hand, die (hand)
I – Insel, die (island)
J – Jagd, die (hunt)
K – Kalendar, der (calendar)
L – Leute, die (people), lieben (to love)
M – Mama, die (mother, mam)
N – Nacht, die (night)
O – Ohr, das (ear)
P – Papa, der (father, dad)
Q – Quelle, die (source)
R – reden (speak, talk)
S – Salz, das (salt)
T – Tag, der (day)
U – U-Bahn, die (subway)
V – Vogel, der (bird)
W – Woche, die (week)
X – Xylophon, das (xylophone)
Y – Typ, der (type)
Z – Zeh, der (toe)

Ä – Ärger, der (anger)
Ö – Österreich (Austria), öfters (several times)’
Ü – über (above), Tür, die (door)
ß – groß (big, tall), Straße, die (street)

Letter sounds in Words
final b = p > das Lob (compliment)
final d = t > der Friend (friend), der Wald (forest)
final g = k > genug (enough)
German th = t > die Theorie (theory)
German v = f > der Vater (father)

Grouped Consonants
ck = k > dick (fat, thick), der Schock (shock)
ch = after a, o, u and au > ‘ch’ as in the Scottish ‘loch’ > das Buch (book, auch (also, too)
ch = otherwise a palatal sound as in > mich (me), welche (which), wirklich (really)
ch = sometimes k hard k-sound > der Chor (choir), Christoph, Chaos (chaos), das Orchester (orchestra), das Wachs (wax)
pf = pf (both letters are pronounced) > das Pferd (horse), der Pfennig
ph = f > das Alphabet (alphabet), phonetisch
qu = kw > die Qual (torture), die Quittung (receipt)
sch = English sh > schön (beautiful), die Schule (school)
sp/st (at the start of a word) = schp/scht > sprechen (speak), stehen (stand)
th = t > das Theater (theatre), das Thema (theme, topic)

Diphtongs
ai/ei = English eye > bei (at, near), das Ei (egg), der Mai (May)
au = Englih ow > auch (also, too), das Auge (eye), aus (out, of)
eu/äu = English oy > Häuser (houses), Europa (Europe), neu (new)
ie = English eeh > bieten (offer), nie (never), Sie (you)